Dear Heloise: What’s the difference between a resume and curriculum vitae?

— Jennifer W. in Indiana

Jennifer, the difference is in the details. A resume is a BRIEF summary of your work history and education. A curriculum vitae (CV) delves deeper — a COMPLETE listing of all jobs, work experiences and any works you might have had published (important for entry into graduate school and doctoral programs).

On a CV, you may include your date of birth, nationality, marital status and if you have any children. It is more in-depth and not meant for the general public to see. Whereas, your resume could be posted online.

In the hiring or vetting process, the employer may first ask for a resume, then grant you an interview, then request a curriculum vitae.

CV’s work well if you are applying for a scholarship, too.

— Heloise

Where to write: Got a hint you want to share? Send your tips and tricks to: Heloise, P.O. Box 795001, San Antonio, TX 78279-5000. Send a fax to 1-210-HELOISE, or email